Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapy that focuses on how our ideas and emotions influence our behavior. People are advised to focus on their thoughts, beliefs, and feelings during cognitive behavioral therapy in order to understand how they link to harmful behaviors. Working through this process can help a person find healthy strategies to deal with unpleasant emotions and difficult life events. Cognitive behavioral therapy can help people live happier, more fulfilled lives by altering how they think and behave.
Unlike other therapeutic approaches, cognitive behavioral therapy focuses on a person’s present life circumstances rather than their history. Cognitive behavioral therapy emphasizes that people may learn to be their own therapists by acquiring coping strategies for dealing with complex thoughts and emotions. The ideas of cognitive behavioral therapy were developed by Dr. Aaron Beck, a psychiatrist at the University of Pennsylvania who specialized in researching and treating depression.
What does Cognitive Behavioral Therapy treat?
Since the 1960s, cognitive behavioral therapy has grown to be one of the most prevalent and effective treatment methods for treating mental health and drug use disorders. Several research studies suggest that cognitive behavioral therapy significantly improves behavior and quality of life.
This therapy is helpful for a range of conditions, including:
- Alcohol use disorder
- Anxiety disorders
- Eating disorders
- Methamphetamine addiction
How CBT Works
Many detrimental acts and feelings, according to cognitive behavioral therapy, are neither logical nor rational. These thoughts and behaviors may be a result of previous experiences or environmental circumstances.
Cognitive-behavioral therapists assist addicts in identifying their negative “automatic thinking.” An automatic thought is formed on impulse and is frequently the result of misunderstandings and internalized sentiments of self-doubt and dread. People often attempt to self-medicate these distressing thoughts and sensations by drinking or misusing medications.
Recovering addicts can alleviate the agony caused by traumatic memories by revisiting them regularly. They can then acquire new, beneficial behaviors to substitute for their drug or alcohol usage.
Among the approaches used in cognitive behavioral therapy are:
- Cognitive Restructuring – the process of recognizing and confronting harmful attitudes and beliefs.
- Exposure therapy – gradually exposing oneself to frightening circumstances in a safe atmosphere.
- Relaxation – includes visualization, breathing techniques, massage, and medicine.
- Mindfulness – defined as focusing on the present moment while accepting feelings and ideas calmly.
- Skill training – learning certain social, communication, and assertiveness skills that can assist someone in successfully coping with challenging life situations.
- Problem-solving – the process of learning how to solve difficulties in one’s everyday life in a productive manner.
- Homework – consists of reading or writing assignments that reinforce the subject matter of each treatment session.
- Role-playing – acting out distressing circumstances while discussing the therapist’s related damaging ideas and feelings.
What Makes CBT Unique from Other Psychotherapies
Cognitive-behavioral therapy is a hands-on treatment that is an alternative to less engaging therapeutic approaches. During a CBT session, recovering addicts do more than talk to their therapists, and therapists do more than passively listen. Addicts and therapists instead collaborate to cure addiction.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy is based on action-oriented, quick treatment. Many 60-to-90-day recovery programs use CBT to teach patients instant coping skills. Because cognitive behavioral therapy is flexible, it may be used in inpatient and outpatient settings and individual and group counseling settings. Many therapists and addiction treatment clinics use CBT as part of their rehabilitation strategies.
Benefits of CBT:
Cognitive behavioral therapy will assist individuals in developing coping strategies that may be utilized now and, in the future, to deal with destructive thoughts, feelings, and actions. Each treatment session may include both short-term and long-term objectives that are suited to the individual’s specific difficulties.
Individuals will be able to take greater control of their actions by the conclusion of the treatment course, employing their newfound way of thinking to deal with difficult thoughts and feelings. Cognitive behavioral therapy seeks to resolve harmful ideas and behaviors, enhance functioning, and achieve remission.
Cognitive behavioral therapy can give practical skills for reconstructing lives for people who have lost the capacity to care for themselves, hold down a job, or manage their finances.